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Shipping Oversized Items with UPS, FedEx and USPS
Why This is Useful
ProductCart gives you the ability to accurately calculate shipping charges on oversized items. For example, a “shipping supplies” store that sells bubble wrap would be undercharging customers if it calculated shipping charges based on the weight of the order, due to the large physical dimensions of the box that contains the bubble wrap. Similarly, a gallery that sells large paintings would find itself in the same situation.
UPS, FedEx and the USPS charges different rates for items that exceed a certain dimension. The definition of oversized items changes depending on the shipping provider.
UPS and Oversized Packages
With UPS there are two types of oversized packages (length is always the longest side of a package or object):
- A package is considered “Oversize 1” (OS1) when all of the following conditions apply:
- The package's combined length and girth exceeds 84 inches.
- The package's combined length and girth is equal to or less than 108 inches.
- The package's actual weight is less than 30 pounds.
- For each OS1 package, the billable weight is 30 pounds.
- A package is considered “Oversize 2” (OS2) when all of the following conditions apply:
- The package's combined length and girth exceeds 108 inches.
- The package's actual weight is less than 70 pounds.
- For each OS2 package, the billable weight is 70 pounds.
The maximum length per package is 108 inches or 270 centimeters. The maximum allowed size per package is 130 inches or 330 centimeters in length and girth combined.
For updated information on the definition of oversized packages, please visit the following URL: http://www.ups.com/content/us/en/resources/prepare/oversize.html
FedEx and Oversized Packages
FedEx defines oversized packages as follows (current as of August 2005).
- A package weighing less than 30 lbs. and measuring more than 84 inches and equal to or less than 108 inches in combined length and girth will be classified by FedEx Ground as an Oversize 1 (OS1) package. The transportation charges for an Oversize 1 (OS1) package will be the same as a 30-lb. package being transported under the same circumstances.
- A package weighing less than 50 lbs. and measuring more than 108 inches in combined length and girth will be classified by FedEx Ground as an Oversize 2 (OS2) package. The transportation charges for an Oversize 2 (OS2) package will be the same as a 50-lb. package being transported under the same circumstances.
- A package weighing 70 lbs. or less and measuring more than 130 inches in combined length and girth will be classified by FedEx Ground as an Oversize 3 (OS3) package. The transportation charges for an Oversize 3 (OS3) package will be the same as a 90 lb. FedEx® Ground package being transported under the same circumstances, plus FedEx Home Delivery accessorial charges. An oversize charge of $45 per package will apply to any package measuring greater than 130” in length and girth.
For more information on FedEx rates and surcharges, please consult the FedEx Customer Support Center at http://www.fedex.com/us/customersupport/
Flagging a Product as Oversized
To define a product as oversized, use the corresponding settings located in the lower part of the Add/Modify Product pages. You will notice an area similar to the screen displayed below. On a product by product basis, you can set whether a product is oversized or not.
When you set this option to Yes, ProductCart ignores the default package size entered when you originally configured the shipping provider on your store, and instead uses the package dimensions that you enter on this page. In addition, when calculating the number of packages for the order, ProductCart will automatically treat a product flagged as oversized as an individual package, regardless of the value assigned to the Maximum Weight Per Package setting configured in the Shipping Settings page.
If you think that a product “may be” oversized, but you are not sure, go ahead and set this option to Yes. ProductCart is simply passing parameters to the various shipping providers, so if the package ends up not being oversized, the shipping provider should return the correct rate for that package. Once again, setting a product to Oversized makes ProductCart replace the default package size with the dimensions entered here.
Troubleshooting Oversized Items
If you are not getting any rates when testing the purchase of an oversized item through ProductCart, check to see if the product is exceeding the maximum allowed size as defined on the previous page. Also, make sure that the product is not exceeding the maximum allowed weight, which is 150 Lbs for shipments within the US and Canada (70kg elsewhere). The weight limit is 70 Lbs for oversized items.